130 to 140mm in length. Crown and face black in most birds,
but can be a dull crimson. Chin and throat are black. Dark brown
eye. Bill is ivory with red tip. Back and wings grass green.
Rump and upper tail coverts are blue. Undertail is white. Breast
band is lilac. Belly is yellow. Feet are pale yellow.
Female: As female but colours are more muted.
Juvenile: Ash brown colour over head. Olive on back and
tail. Brown-white below.
Voice: Variations of "ssitt" in contact
and alarm. The song is faint high pitched hisses and whines
interspersed with clicking.
widespread from the Kimberleys to Cape York Peninsula, the Gouldian
Finch is now only found in half of its former range. The finch
can be found in savanna lands that are dotted with tall trees
around permanent water sources. The diet ranges from seeding
grasses and small insects. Finches are partly migratory, following
food sources, in the winter dry season they shift coastwards
and move further inland during the wet season (summer) to breed.
Breeding season is December to April. Gouldian Finches are the
only Australian finch to nest exclusively in tree hollows are
termite mounds. Up to six pairs will nest in the one tree, often
sharing hollows. Each pair rears two or three broods a season.
Both parents incubate the eggs which is 12 to 13 days, but only
the female sleeps in the nest at night. After fledging, at around
21 days, young may retain their juvenile colours for six months